How to use jQuery in WordPress

jQueryOn a standalone (non-WordPress) project you’d import the jQuery library in the head tag, then call a jQuery function towards the bottom of your file.

This approach isn’t working in WordPress.

Since jQuery and many other useful libraries are already part of WordPress, there’s no need to link to your own copy. Instead, you need to “enqueue” such scripts before the closing head tag (and before wp_head() is called). This is done in your theme’s header.php file:

Every additional library must be called separately, such as jQuery UI components.

Then in your footer.php file, just before the call to wp_footer(), trigger your script like this:

Note that the usual $(document).ready(function() or $function() will not work in WordPress.

Thanks to Joseph Lowery for this tip.

For a full list of which scripts you can enqueue, check out this article from the WordPress Codex.

Full Working Example

Imagine you want to call a simple JavaScript alert in your project. Let’s see how we can call that from within WordPress.

In your main plugin file, add a function that sets up and enqueues your script. In this example our script file is called “test.js” and resides in the main directory of our plugin:

First we enqueue jQuery which ships with WordPress. Next we grab a reference to our own file and store it in a variable, using the plugins_url() function. Then we enqueue our script by giving it a handle and passing in the reference to the file.

In the last line we add this as an action early on in the process using the init hook. Now our jQuery script is loading on every page (something to be aware of).

Our jQuery code can only be executed when the document is ready, so it won’t work by just adding one line to our test.js file. Instead, we need to wrap our code into the document.ready function like so:

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One thought on “How to use jQuery in WordPress

  1. Quick follow-up:

    To avoid the use of the document.ready function, you could load your script near the footer, just before the closing body tag. To do this, enqueue your script like this:

    Note the two empty parameters before the “true” value. Those are necessary because you need to provide a full array of values.

    Now our test.js file executes immediately when it’s called and only needs a single line:

    Note that adding your script near the footer will speed up page loading times, but may not work in every situation.

    Now go forth and use jQuery!

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